Background. Angiogenesis has been proposed as a potential mechanism whereby transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) has provided clinical relief of angina. Experimental work has found histologic evidence supporting this, as well as an improved response when angiogenic growth factors have been added to TMLR. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that the molecular response to TMLR was an increase in the production of endogenous vascular endothelial growth factor to promote angiogenesis. Methods. Ameroid constrictors were placed on the proximal circumflex artery in 12 domestic pigs. After a chronic ischemic zone was established the animals were randomly divided into two groups. In the TMLR group the ischemic zone was treated with carbon dioxide laser. In the control group the ischemic zone was untreated. Six weeks later the animals were sacrificed, and sections from the ischemic zone and the nonischemic zone were submitted for immunohistochemical, histologic, and molecular analysis. Messenger RNA was obtained from northern blot analysis after being probed with vascular endothelial growth factor. Results. There was a twofold increase in the vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA in the ischemic zone of the TMLR group compared with the control group. Additionally, there was a threefold increase in the number of flew blood vessels in the ischemic zone of the TMLR group compared with the control group. Conclusions. Transmyocardial laser revascularization promotes angiogenesis by upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor. The resulting angiogenesis could be the principle mechanism for the clinical efficacy of TMLR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine