Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of unplanned returns to the operating room (OR) within 180 days and at any time postoperatively after valved and non-valved tube shunt surgery. Design: Retrospective case-control study. Methods: A review of 357 eyes that underwent tube shunt surgery (151 valved, 206 non-valved) was conducted at an academic glaucoma service between January 2014 and December 2016. A control eye was time matched for each eye that underwent reoperation. Results: The reoperation rate within 180 days was 16 of 151 (10.6%) for valved and 25 of 206 (12.1%) for non-valved tube shunts and at any time postoperatively was 31 of 151 (20.5%) for valved, and 47 of 206 (22.8%) for non-valved tube shunts. Mean postoperative follow-up was 2.8 ± 1.1 years. The most common reoperations within 180 days and at any time postoperatively after valved tube shunt surgery were tube revisions (43.8% within 180 days, 38.7% any time) and external cyclophotocoagulation (CPC) (31.3% within 180 days, 38.7% anytime). The most common reoperations within 180 days after non-valved tube shunt surgery were tube revisions (32.0%), external CPC (12.0%), and vitrectomy with anterior chamber washout (12.0%) and at any time postoperatively were tube revision (34.0%), external CPC (31.9%), and tube explant (12.8%). At last follow-up, eyes that returned to the OR and controls were similar in terms of mean intraocular pressure (IOP), proportion of eyes meeting target IOP, and change in visual acuity. Conclusions: More than 20% of eyes undergoing tube shunt surgery returned to the OR at any time postoperatively with a mean follow-up of nearly 3 years, with more than 10% of eyes undergoing reoperation within the first 180 days. Rates of reoperation were similar between valved and non-valved tube shunts.
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