Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic lung sparing tracheo-bronchial and carinal sleeve resections

Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Konstantinos Marios Soultanis, Alejandro Garcia, Kaiyun Yang, Yue Qing, Linhua Yie, Guangqiang Zhao, Anning Chen, Yunchao Huang, Guangjian Li, Gening Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Pathology arising from the intrathoracic portion of the trachea (distal trachea), the carina and the main bronchi is usually neoplastic and is mainly treated with surgery. Resection of the intrathoracic portion of the trachea, the carina and the main bronchi for neoplastic lesions does not necessitate lung resection and is traditionally being conducted via open surgery. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is witnessing an exponential growth and is the treatment of choice for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The experience accumulated over the past two decades along with the introduction of reliable and ergonomic technology, has led to the expansion of its indications. In this article we provide a detailed description of lung sparing distal tracheal, carinal and main bronchi resection for primary neoplasms of the airway, without involvement of the lung, with the uniportal video-assisted technique. The chest is entered through the fourth intercostal space, mid-axillary line. Dissection of the paratracheal space anteriorly, the tracheoesophageal groove posteriorly and the subcarinal space and division of the azygos arch are essential to mobilize the distal trachea and carina. Lateral dissection should be avoided beyond the points of division of the airway, as it may hinder the blood supply to the anastomosis. Any tension to the anastomosis should be relieved by release maneuvers. Ventilation is achieved through an endobronchial catheter, inserted into the left main bronchus through which a high-frequency jet ventilation catheter can be also inserted through it. The rationale of applying a minimally invasive technique for the conduction of tracheal and carinal resections, is to exploit its advantages, namely less pain, earlier mobilization and lower morbidity. Uniportal video-assisted resections of the distal trachea, carina and the main bronchi, are safe when conducted by experienced surgical and anesthetic teams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6198-6209
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Advanced video-assisted thoracic surgery (advanced VATS)
  • Bronchoplasty
  • Carinal resections
  • Sleeve reconstruction
  • Sparing lung resections
  • Trachea-bronchial sleeve
  • Uniportal sleeve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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