Background: Congenital ocular melanocytosis has been shown to be extremely uncommon in studies of numerous infants and children with retinoblastoma and disorders such as retinopathy of prematurity. Case presentation: A 33-month-old Caucasian boy presented with a solid white predominantly endophytic retinoblastoma filling most of the nasal aspect of the fundus and extensive vitreous seeding. Fundus exam of the contralateral eye showed a broad-based flat melanotic area of the choroid extending from the subfoveal region to the ora serrata temporally. The child was treated by enucleation of the retinoblastoma-containing eye (homozygous non-germline RB1 mutation) and is being monitored annually. The patient has been followed for 4 years. Conclusions: This rare presentation of advanced unilateral retinoblastoma and contralateral isolated choroidal melanocytosis in a young child emphasizes the importance of detailed fundus mapping of the non-affected eye and has potential implications due to the increased incidence of uveal melanoma later in life.
- Ocular Melanocytosis
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