Unilateral isolated microphthalmia inherited as an autosomal recessive trait

Monika Fleckenstein, Irene H. Maumenee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To report a family with unilateral isolated microphthalmia showing an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Case report: We report a family in which three out of four children, one male and monozygotic female twins, were born with unilateral isolated microphthalmia to healthy consanguineous parents. One twin additionally had a horseshoe kidney. Rare cases of familial isolated microphthalmia/anophthalmia have been previously described. This is the first report of a family with autosomal recessive isolated microphthalmia occurring unilaterally in all affected individuals. It remains unknown how this inherited genetic disease results in unilateral manifestation. Conclusion: Mirror imaging of this condition in the monozygotic twins may help elucidate the underlying mechanism. The constellation of features in this family may contribute to solve remaining questions of research into symmetry and asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic genetics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Autosomal recessive
  • Isolated microphthalmia
  • Unilateral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Ophthalmology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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