Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty compares favorably to total knee arthroplasty in the same patient

David F. Dalury, David A. Fisher, Mary Jo Adams, Ricardo A. Gonzales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several surgical management options exist for medial knee arthritis, and it is often difficult to decide whether a unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is appropriate. Few studies have compared UKAs and TKAs in the same patient. We identified 23 patients with osteoarthritis who had a TKA on one side and a UKA on the other. The preoperative values of the 2 knees were not statistically different. Strict criteria were used to determine whether a UKA could be performed (functional anterior cruciate ligament, minimal deformity, and minimum changes in other compartments). Preoperative radiographs were reviewed to confirm that the knee undergoing TKA had medial compartment disease only. Knee Society scores, radiographic analysis, and patient preferences were recorded for all patients. Average follow-up was 46 months (range, 7.2-148 months) and 42 months (range, 11.5-59.8 months) for TKA and UKA, respectively. Little or no difference was found in outcomes between the 2 procedures, except for an improved range of motion with the UKA compared with the TKA (123°±9° vs 119.8°±7°, respectively). Knee Society scores improved from 45.9 to 89.7 in UKA and from 42.4 to 90.3 in TKA. Of the 23 patients, 11 expressed no preference between either knee and 12 preferred UKA; no patient preferred TKA. With appropriate patient selection, UKAs are a successful option for patients with osteoarthritis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalOrthopedics
Volume32
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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    Dalury, D. F., Fisher, D. A., Adams, M. J., & Gonzales, R. A. (2009). Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty compares favorably to total knee arthroplasty in the same patient. Orthopedics, 32(4).