Unhealthy landscapes: Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence

Jonathan A. Patz, Peter Daszak, Gary M. Tabor, A. Alonso Aguirre, Mary Pearl, Jon Epstein, Nathan D. Wolfe, A. Marm Kilpatrick, Johannes Foufopoulos, David Molyneux, David J. Bradley, F. P. Amerasinghe, R. W. Ashford, D. Barthelemy, R. Bos, D. J. Bradley, A. Buck, C. Butler, E. S. Chivian, K. B. ChuaG. Clark, R. Colwell, U. E. Confalonieri, C. Corvalan, A. A. Cunningham, J. Dein, A. P. Dobson, J. G. Else, J. Epstein, H. Field, P. Furu, C. Gascon, D. Graham, A. Haines, A. D. Hyatt, A. Jamaluddin, E. F. Kleinau, F. Koontz, H. S. Koren, S. LeBlancq, S. Lele, S. Lindsay, N. Maynard, R. G. McLean, T. McMichael, D. Molyneux, S. S. Morse, Douglas Norris, R. S. Ostfeld, M. C. Pearl, D. Pimentel, L. Rakototiana, O. Randriamanajara, J. Riach, J. P. Rosenthal, E. Salazar-Sanchez, Ellen Silbergeld, M. Thomson, A. Y. Vittor, L. Yameogo, V. Zakarov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anthropogenic land use changes drive a range of infectious disease outbreaks and emergence events and modify the transmission of endemic infections. These drivers include agricultural encroachment, deforestation, road construction, dam building, irrigation, wetland modification, mining, the concentration or expansion of urban environments, coastal zone degradation, and other activities. These changes in turn cause a cascade of factors that exacerbate infectious disease emergence, such as forest fragmentation, disease introduction, pollution, poverty, and human migration. The Working Group on Land Use Change and Disease Emergence grew out of a special colloquium that convened international experts in infectious diseases, ecology, and environmental health to assess the current state of knowledge and to develop recommendations for addressing these environmental health challenges. The group established a systems model approach and priority lists of infectious diseases affected by ecologic degradation. Policy-relevant levels of the model include specific health risk factors, landscape or habitat change, and institutional (economic and behavioral) levels. The group recommended creating Centers of Excellence in Ecology and Health Research and Training, based at regional universities and/or research institutes with close links to the surrounding communities. The centers' objectives would be 3-fold: a) to provide information to local communities about the links between environmental change and public health; b) to facilitate fully interdisciplinary research from a variety of natural, social, and health sciences and train professionals who can conduct interdisciplinary research; and c) to engage in science-based communication and assessment for policy making toward sustainable health and ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1092-1098
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume112
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

infectious disease
Land use
land use change
Communicable Diseases
Environmental Health
Health
Ecology
Ecosystem
Human Migration
Research
ecology
Infectious Disease Transmission
road construction
Wetlands
Policy Making
Conservation of Natural Resources
Poverty
policy making
risk factor
health risk

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Deforestation
  • Ecosystems
  • Emerging infectious diseases
  • Land use
  • Lyme disease
  • Malaria
  • Urban sprawl
  • Wildlife
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Patz, J. A., Daszak, P., Tabor, G. M., Aguirre, A. A., Pearl, M., Epstein, J., ... Zakarov, V. (2004). Unhealthy landscapes: Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(10), 1092-1098.

Unhealthy landscapes : Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence. / Patz, Jonathan A.; Daszak, Peter; Tabor, Gary M.; Aguirre, A. Alonso; Pearl, Mary; Epstein, Jon; Wolfe, Nathan D.; Kilpatrick, A. Marm; Foufopoulos, Johannes; Molyneux, David; Bradley, David J.; Amerasinghe, F. P.; Ashford, R. W.; Barthelemy, D.; Bos, R.; Bradley, D. J.; Buck, A.; Butler, C.; Chivian, E. S.; Chua, K. B.; Clark, G.; Colwell, R.; Confalonieri, U. E.; Corvalan, C.; Cunningham, A. A.; Dein, J.; Dobson, A. P.; Else, J. G.; Epstein, J.; Field, H.; Furu, P.; Gascon, C.; Graham, D.; Haines, A.; Hyatt, A. D.; Jamaluddin, A.; Kleinau, E. F.; Koontz, F.; Koren, H. S.; LeBlancq, S.; Lele, S.; Lindsay, S.; Maynard, N.; McLean, R. G.; McMichael, T.; Molyneux, D.; Morse, S. S.; Norris, Douglas; Ostfeld, R. S.; Pearl, M. C.; Pimentel, D.; Rakototiana, L.; Randriamanajara, O.; Riach, J.; Rosenthal, J. P.; Salazar-Sanchez, E.; Silbergeld, Ellen; Thomson, M.; Vittor, A. Y.; Yameogo, L.; Zakarov, V.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 112, No. 10, 07.2004, p. 1092-1098.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patz, JA, Daszak, P, Tabor, GM, Aguirre, AA, Pearl, M, Epstein, J, Wolfe, ND, Kilpatrick, AM, Foufopoulos, J, Molyneux, D, Bradley, DJ, Amerasinghe, FP, Ashford, RW, Barthelemy, D, Bos, R, Bradley, DJ, Buck, A, Butler, C, Chivian, ES, Chua, KB, Clark, G, Colwell, R, Confalonieri, UE, Corvalan, C, Cunningham, AA, Dein, J, Dobson, AP, Else, JG, Epstein, J, Field, H, Furu, P, Gascon, C, Graham, D, Haines, A, Hyatt, AD, Jamaluddin, A, Kleinau, EF, Koontz, F, Koren, HS, LeBlancq, S, Lele, S, Lindsay, S, Maynard, N, McLean, RG, McMichael, T, Molyneux, D, Morse, SS, Norris, D, Ostfeld, RS, Pearl, MC, Pimentel, D, Rakototiana, L, Randriamanajara, O, Riach, J, Rosenthal, JP, Salazar-Sanchez, E, Silbergeld, E, Thomson, M, Vittor, AY, Yameogo, L & Zakarov, V 2004, 'Unhealthy landscapes: Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence', Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 112, no. 10, pp. 1092-1098.
Patz JA, Daszak P, Tabor GM, Aguirre AA, Pearl M, Epstein J et al. Unhealthy landscapes: Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2004 Jul;112(10):1092-1098.
Patz, Jonathan A. ; Daszak, Peter ; Tabor, Gary M. ; Aguirre, A. Alonso ; Pearl, Mary ; Epstein, Jon ; Wolfe, Nathan D. ; Kilpatrick, A. Marm ; Foufopoulos, Johannes ; Molyneux, David ; Bradley, David J. ; Amerasinghe, F. P. ; Ashford, R. W. ; Barthelemy, D. ; Bos, R. ; Bradley, D. J. ; Buck, A. ; Butler, C. ; Chivian, E. S. ; Chua, K. B. ; Clark, G. ; Colwell, R. ; Confalonieri, U. E. ; Corvalan, C. ; Cunningham, A. A. ; Dein, J. ; Dobson, A. P. ; Else, J. G. ; Epstein, J. ; Field, H. ; Furu, P. ; Gascon, C. ; Graham, D. ; Haines, A. ; Hyatt, A. D. ; Jamaluddin, A. ; Kleinau, E. F. ; Koontz, F. ; Koren, H. S. ; LeBlancq, S. ; Lele, S. ; Lindsay, S. ; Maynard, N. ; McLean, R. G. ; McMichael, T. ; Molyneux, D. ; Morse, S. S. ; Norris, Douglas ; Ostfeld, R. S. ; Pearl, M. C. ; Pimentel, D. ; Rakototiana, L. ; Randriamanajara, O. ; Riach, J. ; Rosenthal, J. P. ; Salazar-Sanchez, E. ; Silbergeld, Ellen ; Thomson, M. ; Vittor, A. Y. ; Yameogo, L. ; Zakarov, V. / Unhealthy landscapes : Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence. In: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2004 ; Vol. 112, No. 10. pp. 1092-1098.
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T2 - Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence

AU - Patz, Jonathan A.

AU - Daszak, Peter

AU - Tabor, Gary M.

AU - Aguirre, A. Alonso

AU - Pearl, Mary

AU - Epstein, Jon

AU - Wolfe, Nathan D.

AU - Kilpatrick, A. Marm

AU - Foufopoulos, Johannes

AU - Molyneux, David

AU - Bradley, David J.

AU - Amerasinghe, F. P.

AU - Ashford, R. W.

AU - Barthelemy, D.

AU - Bos, R.

AU - Bradley, D. J.

AU - Buck, A.

AU - Butler, C.

AU - Chivian, E. S.

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AU - Clark, G.

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AU - Corvalan, C.

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AU - Dobson, A. P.

AU - Else, J. G.

AU - Epstein, J.

AU - Field, H.

AU - Furu, P.

AU - Gascon, C.

AU - Graham, D.

AU - Haines, A.

AU - Hyatt, A. D.

AU - Jamaluddin, A.

AU - Kleinau, E. F.

AU - Koontz, F.

AU - Koren, H. S.

AU - LeBlancq, S.

AU - Lele, S.

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AU - Randriamanajara, O.

AU - Riach, J.

AU - Rosenthal, J. P.

AU - Salazar-Sanchez, E.

AU - Silbergeld, Ellen

AU - Thomson, M.

AU - Vittor, A. Y.

AU - Yameogo, L.

AU - Zakarov, V.

PY - 2004/7

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KW - Biodiversity

KW - Deforestation

KW - Ecosystems

KW - Emerging infectious diseases

KW - Land use

KW - Lyme disease

KW - Malaria

KW - Urban sprawl

KW - Wildlife

KW - Zoonosis

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