Unexpectedly low prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among pregnant women on Pemba Island, Zanzibar

Tamer H. Farag, Rebecca J. Stoltzfus, Sabra S. Khalfan, James M. Tielsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori is strongly associated with peptic ulcer and gastric cancer and may be the most common human bacterial infection. The epidemiology of H. pylori has been poorly studied in Africa, where its relevance to disease has not been fully appreciated. Following a cross-sectional study design, H. pylori infection was measured by 13C-urea breath test among 857 pregnant women attending antenatal care clinics. Location, water use practices, anthropometry, and social and demographic variables were assessed as covariates. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was 17.5%. Multiple logistic regression showed that H. pylori was positively associated with location of enrollment clinic along the main road leading from the southern seaport (odds ratio (OR) = 2.5), presence of costlier household lighting in the home (OR = 1.6) and height (10 cm) (OR = 1.5). The prevalence of H. pylori infection was unexpectedly low for a developing country population, where prevalence is typically very high. Higher prevalence along the road from the southern seaport suggests that infection was imported from the mainland. The reason for very low prevalence should be investigated further because the discovery of bacterial or dietary factors that limit infection in this population could have useful public health applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)915-922
Number of pages8
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume101
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Pregnancy
  • Prevalence
  • Transmission
  • Zanzibar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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