Unemployment claims in Philadelphia one year after implementation of the sweetened beverage tax

Hannah G. Lawman, Sara N Bleich, Jiali Yan, Michael T. LeVasseur, Nandita Mitra, Christina A. Roberto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives Possible adverse economic impacts of sweetened drink taxes are a key concern for numerous stakeholders. This study examined changes in unemployment benefit claims filings in Philadelphia compared to its neighboring counties two years prior to and 14 months post implementation of a 1.5 cents per ounce excise tax on sugar- and artificially-sweetened beverages. Methods Data were obtained from the Pennsylvania Department of Labor. Interrupted time series analysis was used to determine if there was a change in new monthly unemployment claims filings post-tax implementation in Philadelphia compared to surrounding counties in supermarkets, select potentially affected industries, and in total claims filings across all industries combined. Results Results showed there were no statistically significant changes to unemployment claims in Philadelphia compared to neighboring counties for supermarkets (ß = -9.45, 95% CI = -98.11, 79.22), soft drink manufacturers (ß = -0.13, 95% CI = -9.13, 8.88), across other potentially affected industries (ß = 9.16, 95% CI = -488.29, 506.60), or across all industries (ß = -445.85, 95% CI = -4272.39, 3380.68) following implementation of the beverage tax. Unemployment declined similarly in Philadelphia compared to surrounding counties. Conclusions Public reports of increased unemployment within the first year following the implementation of the Philadelphia beverage tax are not supported by this analysis. Future work should examine employment outcomes and include longer follow-up periods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0213218
JournalPloS one
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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unemployment
Beverages
Unemployment
taxes
Taxation
beverages
Industry
industry
supermarkets
excise tax
Carbonated Beverages
soft drinks
Time series analysis
Taxes
economic impact
Sugars
stakeholders
time series analysis
labor
Economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Unemployment claims in Philadelphia one year after implementation of the sweetened beverage tax. / Lawman, Hannah G.; Bleich, Sara N; Yan, Jiali; LeVasseur, Michael T.; Mitra, Nandita; Roberto, Christina A.

In: PloS one, Vol. 14, No. 3, e0213218, 01.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lawman, Hannah G. ; Bleich, Sara N ; Yan, Jiali ; LeVasseur, Michael T. ; Mitra, Nandita ; Roberto, Christina A. / Unemployment claims in Philadelphia one year after implementation of the sweetened beverage tax. In: PloS one. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 3.
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