Comprensión de las desigualdades en salud urbana: métodos y diseños del proyecto cualitativo Heart Health Hoods

Translated title of the contribution: Understanding Urban Health Inequalities: Methods and Design of the Heart Health Hoods Qualitative Project

Jesús Rivera Navarro, Manuel Franco Tejero, Paloma Conde Espejo, María Sandín Vázquez, Marta Gutiérrez Sastre, Alba Cebrecos, Adelino Sainz Muñoz, Joel Gittelsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Qualitative methods may help to understand features related to health urban inequalities as a way to include citizens’ perceptions of their neighbourhoods in relation to their health-related behaviours. The aim of this article is to describe the methods and design of a qualitative urban health study. Methods: The Heart Healthy Hoods (HHH) analyses cardiovascular health in an urban environment using mixed methods: electronic health records, quantitative individual questionnaires, physical examination, semi-structured Interviews (SSIs), focus groups (FGs) and participatory technics such as photovoice. This article focuses on the HHH qualitative methods and design. A case study was used to select three neighbourhoods in Madrid with different socioeconomic levels: low, medium, and high. The selection process for these three neighbourhoods was as follows: classification of all Madrid's neighbourhoods (128) according to their socioeconomic level; after ranking this classification, nine neighbourhoods, three by socioeconomic level, were short-listed; different urban sociology criteria and non-participant observation were used for the final selection of three neighbourhoods. After selecting the three neighbourhoods, thirty SSIs were held with residents and six SSIs were held with key informants. Finally, twenty-nine FGs will be conducted over the course of 8 months, between May and December of 2018. Conclusions: Systematization in the selection of neighbourhoods and the use of adequate techniques are essential for the qualitative study of urban health inequalities.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)517-522
Number of pages6
JournalGaceta Sanitaria
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Fingerprint

Urban Health
Health
Interviews
Focus Groups
Sociology
Electronic Health Records
Physical Examination
Observation

Keywords

  • Health inequalities
  • Neighbourhoods
  • Qualitative method
  • Urban health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Rivera Navarro, J., Franco Tejero, M., Conde Espejo, P., Sandín Vázquez, M., Gutiérrez Sastre, M., Cebrecos, A., ... Gittelsohn, J. (2019). Comprensión de las desigualdades en salud urbana: métodos y diseños del proyecto cualitativo Heart Health Hoods. Gaceta Sanitaria, 33(6), 517-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.07.010

Comprensión de las desigualdades en salud urbana : métodos y diseños del proyecto cualitativo Heart Health Hoods. / Rivera Navarro, Jesús; Franco Tejero, Manuel; Conde Espejo, Paloma; Sandín Vázquez, María; Gutiérrez Sastre, Marta; Cebrecos, Alba; Sainz Muñoz, Adelino; Gittelsohn, Joel.

In: Gaceta Sanitaria, Vol. 33, No. 6, 01.11.2019, p. 517-522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rivera Navarro, J, Franco Tejero, M, Conde Espejo, P, Sandín Vázquez, M, Gutiérrez Sastre, M, Cebrecos, A, Sainz Muñoz, A & Gittelsohn, J 2019, 'Comprensión de las desigualdades en salud urbana: métodos y diseños del proyecto cualitativo Heart Health Hoods', Gaceta Sanitaria, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 517-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.07.010
Rivera Navarro J, Franco Tejero M, Conde Espejo P, Sandín Vázquez M, Gutiérrez Sastre M, Cebrecos A et al. Comprensión de las desigualdades en salud urbana: métodos y diseños del proyecto cualitativo Heart Health Hoods. Gaceta Sanitaria. 2019 Nov 1;33(6):517-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.07.010
Rivera Navarro, Jesús ; Franco Tejero, Manuel ; Conde Espejo, Paloma ; Sandín Vázquez, María ; Gutiérrez Sastre, Marta ; Cebrecos, Alba ; Sainz Muñoz, Adelino ; Gittelsohn, Joel. / Comprensión de las desigualdades en salud urbana : métodos y diseños del proyecto cualitativo Heart Health Hoods. In: Gaceta Sanitaria. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 6. pp. 517-522.
@article{90c35ea0186b4a769b13104ebddf21d7,
title = "Comprensi{\'o}n de las desigualdades en salud urbana: m{\'e}todos y dise{\~n}os del proyecto cualitativo Heart Health Hoods",
abstract = "Objective: Qualitative methods may help to understand features related to health urban inequalities as a way to include citizens’ perceptions of their neighbourhoods in relation to their health-related behaviours. The aim of this article is to describe the methods and design of a qualitative urban health study. Methods: The Heart Healthy Hoods (HHH) analyses cardiovascular health in an urban environment using mixed methods: electronic health records, quantitative individual questionnaires, physical examination, semi-structured Interviews (SSIs), focus groups (FGs) and participatory technics such as photovoice. This article focuses on the HHH qualitative methods and design. A case study was used to select three neighbourhoods in Madrid with different socioeconomic levels: low, medium, and high. The selection process for these three neighbourhoods was as follows: classification of all Madrid's neighbourhoods (128) according to their socioeconomic level; after ranking this classification, nine neighbourhoods, three by socioeconomic level, were short-listed; different urban sociology criteria and non-participant observation were used for the final selection of three neighbourhoods. After selecting the three neighbourhoods, thirty SSIs were held with residents and six SSIs were held with key informants. Finally, twenty-nine FGs will be conducted over the course of 8 months, between May and December of 2018. Conclusions: Systematization in the selection of neighbourhoods and the use of adequate techniques are essential for the qualitative study of urban health inequalities.",
keywords = "Health inequalities, Neighbourhoods, Qualitative method, Urban health",
author = "{Rivera Navarro}, Jes{\'u}s and {Franco Tejero}, Manuel and {Conde Espejo}, Paloma and {Sand{\'i}n V{\'a}zquez}, Mar{\'i}a and {Guti{\'e}rrez Sastre}, Marta and Alba Cebrecos and {Sainz Mu{\~n}oz}, Adelino and Joel Gittelsohn",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.07.010",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "33",
pages = "517--522",
journal = "Gaceta Sanitaria",
issn = "0213-9111",
publisher = "Ediciones Doyma, S.L.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comprensión de las desigualdades en salud urbana

T2 - métodos y diseños del proyecto cualitativo Heart Health Hoods

AU - Rivera Navarro, Jesús

AU - Franco Tejero, Manuel

AU - Conde Espejo, Paloma

AU - Sandín Vázquez, María

AU - Gutiérrez Sastre, Marta

AU - Cebrecos, Alba

AU - Sainz Muñoz, Adelino

AU - Gittelsohn, Joel

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - Objective: Qualitative methods may help to understand features related to health urban inequalities as a way to include citizens’ perceptions of their neighbourhoods in relation to their health-related behaviours. The aim of this article is to describe the methods and design of a qualitative urban health study. Methods: The Heart Healthy Hoods (HHH) analyses cardiovascular health in an urban environment using mixed methods: electronic health records, quantitative individual questionnaires, physical examination, semi-structured Interviews (SSIs), focus groups (FGs) and participatory technics such as photovoice. This article focuses on the HHH qualitative methods and design. A case study was used to select three neighbourhoods in Madrid with different socioeconomic levels: low, medium, and high. The selection process for these three neighbourhoods was as follows: classification of all Madrid's neighbourhoods (128) according to their socioeconomic level; after ranking this classification, nine neighbourhoods, three by socioeconomic level, were short-listed; different urban sociology criteria and non-participant observation were used for the final selection of three neighbourhoods. After selecting the three neighbourhoods, thirty SSIs were held with residents and six SSIs were held with key informants. Finally, twenty-nine FGs will be conducted over the course of 8 months, between May and December of 2018. Conclusions: Systematization in the selection of neighbourhoods and the use of adequate techniques are essential for the qualitative study of urban health inequalities.

AB - Objective: Qualitative methods may help to understand features related to health urban inequalities as a way to include citizens’ perceptions of their neighbourhoods in relation to their health-related behaviours. The aim of this article is to describe the methods and design of a qualitative urban health study. Methods: The Heart Healthy Hoods (HHH) analyses cardiovascular health in an urban environment using mixed methods: electronic health records, quantitative individual questionnaires, physical examination, semi-structured Interviews (SSIs), focus groups (FGs) and participatory technics such as photovoice. This article focuses on the HHH qualitative methods and design. A case study was used to select three neighbourhoods in Madrid with different socioeconomic levels: low, medium, and high. The selection process for these three neighbourhoods was as follows: classification of all Madrid's neighbourhoods (128) according to their socioeconomic level; after ranking this classification, nine neighbourhoods, three by socioeconomic level, were short-listed; different urban sociology criteria and non-participant observation were used for the final selection of three neighbourhoods. After selecting the three neighbourhoods, thirty SSIs were held with residents and six SSIs were held with key informants. Finally, twenty-nine FGs will be conducted over the course of 8 months, between May and December of 2018. Conclusions: Systematization in the selection of neighbourhoods and the use of adequate techniques are essential for the qualitative study of urban health inequalities.

KW - Health inequalities

KW - Neighbourhoods

KW - Qualitative method

KW - Urban health

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055507814&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055507814&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.07.010

DO - 10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.07.010

M3 - Article

C2 - 30929680

AN - SCOPUS:85055507814

VL - 33

SP - 517

EP - 522

JO - Gaceta Sanitaria

JF - Gaceta Sanitaria

SN - 0213-9111

IS - 6

ER -