Understanding risk behaviors of vietnamese adults with chronic hepatitis B in an urban setting

Thieu Van Le, Thuc Thi Minh Vu, Anh Kim Dang, Giang Thu Vu, Long Hoang Nguyen, Binh Cong Nguyen, Tung Hoang Tran, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S.H. Ho, Roger C.M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption can be considered as risk factors that increase the progression of chronic liver disease. Meanwhile, unprotected sex is one of the main causes of hepatitis B infection. This study aimed to explore drinking, smoking, and risky sexual behaviors among people with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) in a Vietnamese urban setting, as well as investigating potential associated factors. A cross-sectional study was performed in October 2018 in Viet-Tiep Hospital, Hai Phong, Vietnam. A total of 298 patients who had been diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B reported their smoking status, alcohol use, and sexual risk behavior in the last 12 months. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the associated factors. It was identified that 82.5% of participants never used alcohol. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) positive result among male patients was 7.4% (0% in female patients). In addition, 14.5% of participants were current smokers and the mean number of cigarettes per day was 7.4 (SD = 3.4). It was found that 35.4% of male patients had sex with two or more sex partners. Furthermore, 66.7% and 74.1% of participants used condoms when having sex with casual partners/one-night stands and sex workers, respectively. There was a positive correlation between monthly drinking and currently smoking. White-collar workers were less likely to have multiple sex partners within the last 12 months. Our study highlights the need for integrating counseling sessions and educational programs with treatment services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number570
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2019

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Chronic hepatitis B
  • Sexual risk
  • Smoking
  • Vietnam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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