Understanding and Overcoming Barriers to Living Kidney Donation Among Racial and Ethnic Minorities in the United States

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In the United States, racial-ethnic minorities experience disproportionately high rates of ESRD, but they are substantially less likely to receive living donor kidney transplants (LDKT) compared with their majority counterparts. Minorities may encounter barriers to LDKT at several steps along the path to receiving it, including consideration, pursuit, completion of LDKT, and the post-LDKT experience. These barriers operate at different levels related to potential recipients and donors, health care providers, health system structures, and communities. In this review, we present a conceptual framework describing various barriers that minorities face along the path to receiving LDKT. We also highlight promising recent and current initiatives to address these barriers, as well as gaps in initiatives, which may guide future interventions to reduce racial-ethnic disparities in LDKT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-251
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Barriers
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Living donation
  • Minority donation
  • Race disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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