Uncovering knowledge of core syntactic and semantic principles in individuals with Williams Syndrome

Julien Musolino, Gitana Chunyo, Barbara Landau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigate knowledge of core syntactic and semantic principles in individuals with Williams Syndrome (WS). Our study focuses on the logico-syntactic properties of negation and disjunction (or) and tests knowledge of (a) core syntactic relations (scope and c-command), (b) core semantic relations (entailment relations and DeMorgan's laws of propositional logic), and (c) the relationship between (a) and (b). We examine the performance of individuals with WS, children matched for mental age (MA), and typical adult native speakers of English. Performance on all conditions suggests that knowledge of (a-c) is present and engaged in all three groups. Results also indicate slightly depressed performance on (c) for the WS group, compared to MA, consistent with limitation in processing resources. Implications of these results for competing accounts of language development in WS, as well as for the relevance of WS to the study of cognitive architecture and development are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-161
Number of pages36
JournalLanguage Learning and Development
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Fingerprint

semantics
performance
logic
Group
Law
language
resources
Williams Syndrome
Syntax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Language and Linguistics

Cite this

Uncovering knowledge of core syntactic and semantic principles in individuals with Williams Syndrome. / Musolino, Julien; Chunyo, Gitana; Landau, Barbara.

In: Language Learning and Development, Vol. 6, No. 2, 04.2010, p. 126-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d998049d98b440669182ff31850e6706,
title = "Uncovering knowledge of core syntactic and semantic principles in individuals with Williams Syndrome",
abstract = "We investigate knowledge of core syntactic and semantic principles in individuals with Williams Syndrome (WS). Our study focuses on the logico-syntactic properties of negation and disjunction (or) and tests knowledge of (a) core syntactic relations (scope and c-command), (b) core semantic relations (entailment relations and DeMorgan's laws of propositional logic), and (c) the relationship between (a) and (b). We examine the performance of individuals with WS, children matched for mental age (MA), and typical adult native speakers of English. Performance on all conditions suggests that knowledge of (a-c) is present and engaged in all three groups. Results also indicate slightly depressed performance on (c) for the WS group, compared to MA, consistent with limitation in processing resources. Implications of these results for competing accounts of language development in WS, as well as for the relevance of WS to the study of cognitive architecture and development are discussed.",
author = "Julien Musolino and Gitana Chunyo and Barbara Landau",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1080/15475440903507772",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "126--161",
journal = "Language Learning and Development",
issn = "1547-5441",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Uncovering knowledge of core syntactic and semantic principles in individuals with Williams Syndrome

AU - Musolino, Julien

AU - Chunyo, Gitana

AU - Landau, Barbara

PY - 2010/4

Y1 - 2010/4

N2 - We investigate knowledge of core syntactic and semantic principles in individuals with Williams Syndrome (WS). Our study focuses on the logico-syntactic properties of negation and disjunction (or) and tests knowledge of (a) core syntactic relations (scope and c-command), (b) core semantic relations (entailment relations and DeMorgan's laws of propositional logic), and (c) the relationship between (a) and (b). We examine the performance of individuals with WS, children matched for mental age (MA), and typical adult native speakers of English. Performance on all conditions suggests that knowledge of (a-c) is present and engaged in all three groups. Results also indicate slightly depressed performance on (c) for the WS group, compared to MA, consistent with limitation in processing resources. Implications of these results for competing accounts of language development in WS, as well as for the relevance of WS to the study of cognitive architecture and development are discussed.

AB - We investigate knowledge of core syntactic and semantic principles in individuals with Williams Syndrome (WS). Our study focuses on the logico-syntactic properties of negation and disjunction (or) and tests knowledge of (a) core syntactic relations (scope and c-command), (b) core semantic relations (entailment relations and DeMorgan's laws of propositional logic), and (c) the relationship between (a) and (b). We examine the performance of individuals with WS, children matched for mental age (MA), and typical adult native speakers of English. Performance on all conditions suggests that knowledge of (a-c) is present and engaged in all three groups. Results also indicate slightly depressed performance on (c) for the WS group, compared to MA, consistent with limitation in processing resources. Implications of these results for competing accounts of language development in WS, as well as for the relevance of WS to the study of cognitive architecture and development are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952895968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952895968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15475440903507772

DO - 10.1080/15475440903507772

M3 - Article

C2 - 21866219

AN - SCOPUS:79952895968

VL - 6

SP - 126

EP - 161

JO - Language Learning and Development

JF - Language Learning and Development

SN - 1547-5441

IS - 2

ER -