Ultrastructural analysis of a murine model of congenital hydrocephalus produced by overexpression of transforming growth factor-β1 in the central nervous system

G. Aliev, J. P. Miller, D. W. Leifer, M. E. Obrenovich, J. C. Shenk, M. A. Smith, J. C. Lamanna, G. Perry, D. W. Lust, A. R. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to elucidate using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) the ultrastructural changes that occur within the cortical gray matter of a novel reproducible model of congenital hydrocephalus in mice created to overexpress the cytokine transforming growth factor- β1 (TGF-β1) in the central nervous system. Brain tissue was obtained from mice from a colony engineered to overexpress TGF-β1 at two days postpartum and compared to a wild-type aged-matched control. This tissue was fixed using a solution containing 1.25% paraformaldehyde and 1.25% glutaraldehyde in phosphate buffer at least 3-4 h and then cut into 40-50 μm sections. Randomly selected thin sections were stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate, and then analyzed using a JEOL-100CX or 1200EX transmission electron microscope at accelerating voltage 80 kV. Dramatic neuronal and glial pathology was observed throughout the cortical neuropil in TGF-β1 mice. The most striking change in the hydrocephalic mice was severe edema with extracellular fluid, possibly due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) penetration into the cortex. In addition, severe disruption of the cytoplasmic matrix was seen throughout the cortex, with damage to cellular organelles and particularly severe damage to mitochondria. Our results suggest that congenital hydrocephalus may be associated with significant damage to cortical tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Submicroscopic Cytology and Pathology
Volume38
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electron microscopy
  • Gray matter
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Neurons and glia
  • Transforming growth factor-β

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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