Ultrasound prediction of fetal pulmonary hypoplasia in pregnancies complicated by oligohydramnios and in cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A review

H. E. Fox, S. S. Badalian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this review is to discuss the current knowledge of fetal pulmonary hypoplasia and to summarize the clinical significance of the many ultrasound methods for predicting pulmonary hypoplasia in pregnancies complicated by oligohydramnios due to spontaneous rupture of the fetal membranes and in cases complicated by fetal congenital diaphragmatic hernia. We concluded that the presence or absence of polyhydramnios, fetal breathing movements, mediastinal shift, thoracic position of the stomach, fetal breathing-related nasal and oropharyngeal fluid flow, ductal flow velocity modulation, and gestational age at onset and severity of ventricular disproportion as useful markers for predicting fetal pulmonary hypoplasia is a productive area for continued research. All studies show that there is a clear association between most of these markers and pulmonary hypoplasia. However, these markers have not been studied together in a large number of cases, and comparisons between each of the markers is unknown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-108
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume11
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Oligohydramnios
Pregnancy
Lung
Respiration
Polyhydramnios
Extraembryonic Membranes
Fetal Movement
Spontaneous Rupture
Age of Onset
Nose
Gestational Age
Stomach
Thorax
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernias
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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