Ultrasound in Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: A Wide-Open Field

Brian Y. Hwang, David Mampre, A. Karim Ahmed, Ian Suk, William S. Anderson, Amir Manbachi, Nicholas Theodore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a common and devastating condition. In the absence of effective validated therapies, there is an urgent need for novel methods to achieve injury stabilization, regeneration, and functional restoration in SCI patients. Ultrasound is a versatile platform technology that can provide a foundation for viable diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in SCI. In particular, real-time perfusion and inflammatory biomarker monitoring, focal pharmaceutical delivery, and neuromodulation are capabilities that can be harnessed to advance our knowledge of SCI pathophysiology and to develop novel management and treatment options. Our review suggests that studies that evaluate the benefits and risks of ultrasound in SCI are severely lacking and our understanding of the technology's potential impact remains poorly understood. Although the complex anatomy and physiology of the spine and the spinal cord remain significant challenges, continued technological advances will help the field overcome the current barriers and bring ultrasound to the forefront of SCI research and development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-382
Number of pages11
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Focused
  • High intensity
  • Low intensity
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Traumatic
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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