Low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy is a treatment option for low- and mid-risk prostate cancer through introduction of radioactive seeds into the prostate. Seed placement deviations are common and associated with postoperative complications. Dynamic dosimetry is a method to accurately localize the true position of the seeds inside the tissue, calculate the delivered dose, and adapt the implant plan accordingly to compensate for seed placement deviations in the operating room. A practical method for dynamic dosimetry relies on localization of the implanted seeds in 3D space from several C-arm images and registering them to a 3D ultrasound volume of the prostate region. In this chapter we introduce a system and workflow for intraoperative dosimetry for prostate brachytherapy. In the suggested workflow, C-arm images are acquired from different angles and are used to reconstruct the seeds in 3D space. For this purpose, we rely on a method based on dimensionality reduced linear programming to match the projections of a seed in different images and localize the seed positions after automatic C-arm pose correction. In the next step of the workflow, the reconstructed seeds are registered to an ultrasound volume of the prostate in a point-to-volume registration scheme. We tested our method on data from 16 patients and compared our dosimetry results with results from Day-1 CT. In comparison, we achieved absolute error of 2.2 ± 1.8 % (mean ± STD) in estimating the percentage of the prostate volume that receives 100 % of the prescribed dose (V100) and absolute error of 10.5 ± 9.5 % in prediction of the minimum dose delivered to 90 % of the prostate (D90).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Abdomen and Thoracic Imaging|
|Subtitle of host publication||An Engineering and Clinical Perspective|
|Number of pages||35|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)