Ultrarapid detection of sex chromosomes with the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization with direct label DNA probes in single human blastomeres, spermatozoa, amniocytes, and lymphocytes

Jiaen Liu, Xue Zhong Zheng, Theodore A. Baramki, Ricardo A. Yazigi, Gail Compton, Eugene Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To assess the ultrarapid fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) procedure with a 1-minute hybridization time for gender determination. Design: Fluorescence in situ hybridization with direct label fluorescence DNA probes for chromosomes X and Y were tested with the use of different hybridization times and different cell types. Setting: Hospital-based IVF program. Intervention(s): The efficiency of the FISH procedure with different hybridization times was compared with the use of male lymphocytes. The same FISH procedure, but with only 1-minute hybridization, was carried out in human blastomeres, spermatozoa, uncultured amniocytes, male lymphocytes, and female lymphocytes. Main Outcome Measure(s): Percentages of nuclei with positive signals. Result(s): The percentages of nuclei with positive signals in lymphocytes with hybridization times of 1, 3, 4, 10, 30, and 45 minutes were 97%, 97%, 98%, 98%, 98%, and 98%, respectively. The percentages of nuclei with positive signals after FISH with a 1-minute hybridization time in single blastomeres, spermatozoa, amniocytes, male lymphocytes, and female lymphocytes were 94%, 96%, 96%, 98%, and 97%, respectively. Conclusion(s): Chromosomes X and Y of human blastomeres, spermatozoa, uncultured amniocytes, and lymphocytes can be detected rapidly with the use of this ultrarapid FISH procedure with a 1-minute hybridization time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)927-932
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume70
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1998

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Keywords

  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization
  • Gender determination
  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
  • Prenatal diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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