BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evaluation of shunted hydrocephalus is the most common indication for ultrafast brain MRI. Radiation-/ sedation-free imaging capabilities make this protocol more desirable over CT and standard brain MRI. We hypothesized that ultrafast brain MRI can be used for selected indications beyond shunted hydrocephalus without adverse outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultrafast brain MRI was performed with axial, sagittal, and coronal HASTE. The radiology information system was used to identify pediatric patients (0 -18 years of age) who underwent ultrafast brain MRI between March 2014 and May 2016. A retrospective chart review was completed to identify indications other than shunted hydrocephalus, such as ventriculomegaly, macrocephaly, or intracranial cyst. All ultrafast brain MRIs were evaluated by a certified neuroradiologist and a neurosurgeon. Ultrafast brain MRI was deemed of sufficient diagnostic value for these indications if no further standard brain MRI was required for the study indication or if additional imaging was performed for an alternate indication. RESULTS: The radiology information system identified 800 patients who had undergone an ultrafast brain MRI during the study period. One hundred twenty-two of these patients had ventriculomegaly, macrocephaly, or intracranial cyst as the study indication. Twenty-one of the 122 patients were excluded due to insufficient follow-up. Of the remaining 101 patients, only 5 had a standard brain MRI for the same indication, with no additional clinically significant information identified on those studies. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that ultrafast brain MRI is sufficient to evaluate ventriculomegaly, macrocephaly, or intracranial cyst. Ultrafast brain MRI is radiation- and sedation-free; therefore, we recommend its use as the primary screening neuroimaging study for these indications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology