UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase, a key enzyme in proteoglycan synthesis. Cloning, characterization, and localization

John L. Moriarity, K. Joseph Hurt, Adam C. Resnick, Phillip B. Storm, Wouter Laroy, Ronald L. Schnaar, Solomon H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase (UGD) catalyzes the formation of UDP-xylose from UDP-glucuronate. UDP-xylose is then used to initiate glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis on the core protein of proteoglycans. In a yeast two-hybrid screen with the protein kinase Akt (protein kinase B), we detected interactions with a novel sequence, which we cloned and expressed. The expressed protein displayed UGD activity but did not display the activities of homologous nucleotide sugar epimerases or dehydratases. We did not detect phosphorylation of UGD by Akt nor did we detect any influence of Akt on UGD activity. Effects of UGD on Akt kinase activity were also absent. Northern blot and Western blot analyses revealed the presence of UGD in multiple tissues and brain regions. Subcellular studies and histochemistry localized UGD protein to the perinuclear Golgi where xylosylation of proteoglycan core proteins is known to occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16968-16975
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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