Purpose We evaluated 2-year safety and efficacy of supraciliary microstenting (CyPass Micro-Stent; Transcend Medical, Inc., Menlo Park, CA) for treating mild-to-moderate primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Design Multicenter (24 US sites), interventional randomized clinical trial (RCT) (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT01085357). Participants Subjects were enrolled beginning July 2011, with study completion in March 2015. Subjects had POAG with mean diurnal unmedicated intraocular pressure (IOP) 21–33 mmHg and were undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Methods After completing cataract surgery, subjects were intraoperatively randomized to phacoemulsification only (control) or supraciliary microstenting with phacoemulsification (microstent) groups (1:3 ratio). Microstent implantation via an ab interno approach to the supraciliary space allowed concomitant cataract and glaucoma surgery. Main Outcome Measures Outcome measures included percentage of subjects achieving ≥20% unmedicated diurnal IOP lowering versus baseline, mean IOP change and glaucoma medication use, and ocular adverse event (AE) incidence through 24 months. Results Of 505 subjects, 131 were randomized to the control group and 374 were randomized to the microstent group. Baseline mean IOPs in the control and microstent groups were similar: 24.5±3.0 and 24.4±2.8 mmHg, respectively (P > 0.05); mean medications were 1.3±1.0 and 1.4±0.9, respectively (P > 0.05). There was early and sustained IOP reduction, with 60% of controls versus 77% of microstent subjects achieving ≥20% unmedicated IOP lowering versus baseline at 24 months (P = 0.001; per-protocol analysis). Mean IOP reduction was ↓7.4 mmHg for the microstent group versus ↓5.4 mmHg in controls (P < 0.001), with 85% of microstent subjects not requiring IOP medications at 24 months. Mean 24-month medication use was 67% lower in microstent subjects (P < 0.001); 59% of control versus 85% of microstent subjects were medication free. Mean medication use in controls decreased from 1.3±1.0 drugs at baseline to 0.7±0.9 and 0.6±0.8 drugs at 12 and 24 months, respectively, and in the microstent group from 1.4±0.9 to 0.2±0.6 drugs at both 12 and 24 months (P < 0.001 for reductions in both groups at both follow-ups vs. baseline). No vision-threatening microstent-related AEs occurred. Visual acuity was high in both groups through 24 months; >98% of all subjects achieved 20/40 best-corrected visual acuity or better. Conclusions This RCT demonstrated safe and sustained 2-year reduction in IOP and glaucoma medication use after microinterventional surgical treatment for mild-to-moderate POAG.
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