Functional connectivity is the study of correlations in measured neurophysiological signals. Altered functional connectivity has been shown to be associated with a variety of cognitive and memory impairments and dysfunction, including Alzheimer's disease. In this manuscript we use a two-stage application of the singular value decomposition to obtain data driven population-level measures of functional connectivity in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The method is computationally simple and amenable to high dimensional fMRI data with large numbers of subjects. Simulation studies suggest the ability of the decomposition methods to recover population brain networks and their associated loadings. We further demonstrate the utility of these decompositions in a functional logistic regression model. The method is applied to a novel fMRI study of Alzheimer's disease risk under a verbal paired associates task. We found an indication of alternative connectivity in clinically asymptomatic at-risk subjects when compared to controls, which was not significant in the light of multiple comparisons adjustment. The relevant brain network loads primarily on the temporal lobe and overlaps significantly with the olfactory areas and temporal poles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cognitive Neuroscience