Two siblings with alternate unbalanced recombinants derived from a large cryptic maternal pericentric inversion of chromosome 20

Cheryl DeScipio, Jennifer D. Morrissette, Laura K. Conlin, Dinah Clark, Maninder Kaur, James Coplan, Harold Riethman, Nancy B. Spinner, Ian D. Krantz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two brothers, with dissimilar clinical features, were each found to have different abnormalities of chromosome 20 by subtelomere fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The proband had deletion of 20p subtelomere and duplication of 20q subtelomere, while his brother was found to have a duplication of 20p subtelomere and deletion of 20q subtelomere. Parental cytogenetic studies were initially thought to be normal, both by G-banding and by subtelomere FISH analysis. Since chromosome 20 is a metacentric chromosome and an inversion was suspected, we used anchored FISH to assist in identifying a possible inversion. This approach employed concomitant hybridization of a FISH probe to the short (p) arm of chromosome 20 with the 20q subtelomere probe. We identi-fied a cytogenetically non-visible,mosaic pericentric inversion of one of the maternal chromosome 20 homologs, providing a mechanistic explanation for the chromosomal abnormalities present in these brothers. Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) with both a custom-made BAC and cosmid-based subtelomere specific array (TEL array) and a commercially available SNP-based array confirmed and further characterized these rearrangements, identifying this as the largest pericentric inversion of chromosome 20 described to date. TEL array data indicate that the 20p breakpoint is defined by BAC RP11-978M13, ≃ 900 kb from the pter; SNP array data reveal this breakpoint to occur within BAC RP11-978M13. The 20q breakpoint is defined by BAC RP11-93B14, ≃ 1.7Mb from the qter, by TEL array; SNP array data refine this breakpoint to within a gap between BACs on the TEL array (i.e., between RP11-93B14 and proximal BAC RP11-765G16).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-382
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume152
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • 20p
  • 20q
  • Array CGH
  • Array comparative genomic hybridization
  • Deletion
  • Duplication
  • FISH
  • Pericentric inversion
  • SNP
  • Subtelomere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

Cite this