Two tests were developed for the rapid identification of Cryptococcus neoformans based on pigment produced by the organism's phenoloxidase activity. Caffeic acid was incorporated into cornmeal agar, a medium used routinely for yeast identification. When tested on this medium, only C. neoformans isolates produced brown pigment. All other yeasts maintained their normal morphology and did not produce the reaction product. A non-medium-based test was developed for same-day identification of C. neoformans isolates. Paper strips saturated with a buffered L-β-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-ferric citrate solution were inoculated with isolates and incubated at 37° C. Pigment production occurred only with C. neoformans isolates, many within 60 to 90 min. All other yeasts remained negative.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)