Twin Study on Ocular Pressure Following Topically Applied Dexamethasone: II. Inheritance of Variation in Pressure Response

J. Theodore Schwartz, Frank H. Reuling, Manning Feinleib, Robert J. Garrison, Doris J. Collie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A twin study was undertaken to reevaluate a widely held monogenic hypothesis relating to the ocular hypertensive steroid response. In the present (part II) analysis, intrapair differences for steroid response among the monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) samples were compared. Responsiveness was treated as both a qualitative and quantitative trait. For the parameter change in pressure, significant differences were never observed between the MZ and DZ samples and heritability index was consistently low. For final pressure, differences between the twin classes showed a mixed pattern of significance; the heritability index was low- to mid-range. Such observations do not support a predominant role of inheritance. It seems evident that a theory of simple monogenic determination can be questioned on the basis of these new findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-286
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1973
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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