Twelve tips for mindful teaching and learning in medical education

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mindfulness practice has been shown to have many positive benefits for patients, clinicians, and trainees. Mindfulness fosters compassion, connection, and enhanced clinical reasoning and can reduce burnout among clinicians. A primary focus of mindfulness is present-moment awareness and may be achieved through openness, curiosity, perspective-taking, and letting go of judgment. We propose that the core principles of mindfulness can be harnessed by educators to enhance their teaching skills specifically around creating a supportive and safe learning environment, using questions effectively, providing feedback, and serving as role models. Mindful teaching promotes mindful learning, which focuses on context, openness to new possibilities, reflection, and critical thinking, as opposed to rote repetition and memorization. This article describes core mindfulness principles and strategies that can be used to become a more mindful teacher.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-256
Number of pages8
JournalMedical teacher
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2022


  • Teaching and learning
  • medicine
  • roles of teacher

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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