Turning off the diarrhea: The role of food and ORS

A. M. Molla, Ayesha Molla, Jon Rohde, W. B. Greenough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ninety-three boys aged 5 years or less who had diarrhea due to Vibrio cholerae were randomly assigned to treatment with glucose oral rehydration salt (ORS) or rice-based ORS. For the first 24 h, ORS only was given to all the patients. During the next 24 h, ORS and normal food were given. The efficacy of the two types of ORS was compared in terms of ORS intake, stool output, change in hematocrit reading, serum specific gravity, and increase in body weight. At the end of the first 24 h of treatment, a 50% reduction in ORS intake and stool output was observed in the 47 patients randomly assigned to receive rice ORS as compared with the 46 patients who received glucose ORS. During the second 24 h of treatment, a significant reduction in the stool output was noticed in the glucose ORS group, making the efficacy of glucose ORS equal to that of rice ORS. The study suggests that normal food can impart some of the superiority of “super” ORS to standard glucose ORS with regard to reduction of stool volume.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-84
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1989

Keywords

  • Diarrhea
  • Glucose oral rehydration salt
  • Rice oral rehydration salt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Gastroenterology

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