Tumor-promoting phorbol esters stimulate the proliferation of interleukin-3 dependent cells

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Abstract

To determine whether activation of protein kinase C is involved in the proliferation of interleukin-3 (IL-3) -dependent cells, we examined the effect of tumor-promoting phorbol esters on the in vitro proliferation of the IL-3-dependent cell lines FD and DA-1. The viability of FD and DA-1 cells cultured for 24 hours in 100 nM phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and 10% FCS was similar to that of cells cultured in 25% WEHI-3 conditioned medium as a source of IL-3, and 10% FCS. FD cells failed to proliferate in concentrations of FCS of up to 50%, while DA-1 cell proliferation was not markedly influenced by FCS. By contrast, PMA promoted the proliferation of FD and DA-1 cells in the absence of FCS and enhanced their proliferation in the presence of 10% FCS, 60- and 20-fold, respectively. Stimulation of proliferation was achieved with as little as 10 nM PMA and was maximal at 100 nM PMA. Low concentrations (0.05-0.1%) of WEHI-3 CM promoted the proliferative response of FD and DA-1 cells to PMA, but at concentrations of WEHI-3 CM greater than 0.8%, no further increment in proliferation was obtained with PMA. As little as 1/2 hour exposure to phorbol esters was sufficient to cause translocation of protein kinase C from the cytosol to the membranes of DA-1 cells, and 1 hour of exposure to phorbol esters was sufficient to stimulate DNA synthesis. A protein kinase C inhibitor, H-7, at a concentration of 10 μM inhibited phorbol ester-induced stimulation of DA-1 cell proliferation. When DA-1 cells were exposed to the calcium ionophore A23187 in addition to both a phorbol ester and IL-3, their proliferation was enhanced over that stimulated by only the phorbol ester and IL-3. The data indicate that stimulation of proliferation of IL-3-dependent cells involves the activation of protein kinase C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-352
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume137
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988

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Interleukin-3
Phorbol Esters
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
Tumors
Protein Kinase C
Neoplasms
Cell proliferation
Chemical activation
Cultured Cells
1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-Methylpiperazine
Cell Proliferation
Calcium Ionophores
Conditioned Culture Medium
Protein C Inhibitor
Interleukin-10
Calcimycin
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Cytosol
Cells
Membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Tumor-promoting phorbol esters stimulate the proliferation of interleukin-3 dependent cells",
abstract = "To determine whether activation of protein kinase C is involved in the proliferation of interleukin-3 (IL-3) -dependent cells, we examined the effect of tumor-promoting phorbol esters on the in vitro proliferation of the IL-3-dependent cell lines FD and DA-1. The viability of FD and DA-1 cells cultured for 24 hours in 100 nM phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and 10{\%} FCS was similar to that of cells cultured in 25{\%} WEHI-3 conditioned medium as a source of IL-3, and 10{\%} FCS. FD cells failed to proliferate in concentrations of FCS of up to 50{\%}, while DA-1 cell proliferation was not markedly influenced by FCS. By contrast, PMA promoted the proliferation of FD and DA-1 cells in the absence of FCS and enhanced their proliferation in the presence of 10{\%} FCS, 60- and 20-fold, respectively. Stimulation of proliferation was achieved with as little as 10 nM PMA and was maximal at 100 nM PMA. Low concentrations (0.05-0.1{\%}) of WEHI-3 CM promoted the proliferative response of FD and DA-1 cells to PMA, but at concentrations of WEHI-3 CM greater than 0.8{\%}, no further increment in proliferation was obtained with PMA. As little as 1/2 hour exposure to phorbol esters was sufficient to cause translocation of protein kinase C from the cytosol to the membranes of DA-1 cells, and 1 hour of exposure to phorbol esters was sufficient to stimulate DNA synthesis. A protein kinase C inhibitor, H-7, at a concentration of 10 μM inhibited phorbol ester-induced stimulation of DA-1 cell proliferation. When DA-1 cells were exposed to the calcium ionophore A23187 in addition to both a phorbol ester and IL-3, their proliferation was enhanced over that stimulated by only the phorbol ester and IL-3. The data indicate that stimulation of proliferation of IL-3-dependent cells involves the activation of protein kinase C.",
author = "Murinson, {Beth B} and Spivak, {Jerry L}",
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T1 - Tumor-promoting phorbol esters stimulate the proliferation of interleukin-3 dependent cells

AU - Murinson, Beth B

AU - Spivak, Jerry L

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AB - To determine whether activation of protein kinase C is involved in the proliferation of interleukin-3 (IL-3) -dependent cells, we examined the effect of tumor-promoting phorbol esters on the in vitro proliferation of the IL-3-dependent cell lines FD and DA-1. The viability of FD and DA-1 cells cultured for 24 hours in 100 nM phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and 10% FCS was similar to that of cells cultured in 25% WEHI-3 conditioned medium as a source of IL-3, and 10% FCS. FD cells failed to proliferate in concentrations of FCS of up to 50%, while DA-1 cell proliferation was not markedly influenced by FCS. By contrast, PMA promoted the proliferation of FD and DA-1 cells in the absence of FCS and enhanced their proliferation in the presence of 10% FCS, 60- and 20-fold, respectively. Stimulation of proliferation was achieved with as little as 10 nM PMA and was maximal at 100 nM PMA. Low concentrations (0.05-0.1%) of WEHI-3 CM promoted the proliferative response of FD and DA-1 cells to PMA, but at concentrations of WEHI-3 CM greater than 0.8%, no further increment in proliferation was obtained with PMA. As little as 1/2 hour exposure to phorbol esters was sufficient to cause translocation of protein kinase C from the cytosol to the membranes of DA-1 cells, and 1 hour of exposure to phorbol esters was sufficient to stimulate DNA synthesis. A protein kinase C inhibitor, H-7, at a concentration of 10 μM inhibited phorbol ester-induced stimulation of DA-1 cell proliferation. When DA-1 cells were exposed to the calcium ionophore A23187 in addition to both a phorbol ester and IL-3, their proliferation was enhanced over that stimulated by only the phorbol ester and IL-3. The data indicate that stimulation of proliferation of IL-3-dependent cells involves the activation of protein kinase C.

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