Tumor necrosis factor alpha stimulates adenylyl cyclase activity in human myometrial cells

Wiebke Gogarten, Karen Sue Lindeman, Carol A. Hirshman, Charles W. Emala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) have been implicated in amniotic fluid infections and preterm and term labor. The underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. In some smooth muscle cells, TNFα affects function of the β-adrenergic/adenylyl cyclase pathway. The present study was performed to examine the effects of chronic TNFα exposure on adenylyl cyclase activity in cell cultures of human myometrium. Chronic TNFα exposure led to a dose- and time-dependent increase in basal-, GTP-, NaF-, and forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity. The increase in AC activity was not mediated by changes in the expression of the heterotrimeric G proteins Gsα or Giα as determined by immunoblotting. In addition, increases in AC activity occurred in the presence of indomethacin, indicating that these changes were not provoked by TNFα-induced changes in prostaglandin production. The present results suggest that TNFα-induced increases in AC activity in human myometrial cells obtained from the lower uterine segment occur at the level of G-protein/AC interaction or at the level of the AC enzyme itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-757
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

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Adenylyl Cyclases
Human Activities
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins
Myometrium
Premature Obstetric Labor
Colforsin
Amniotic Fluid
Guanosine Triphosphate
GTP-Binding Proteins
Immunoblotting
Indomethacin
Adrenergic Agents
Prostaglandins
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Cell Culture Techniques
Cytokines
Enzymes
Infection

Keywords

  • Cyclic adenosine monophosphate
  • Cytokines
  • Female reproductive tract
  • Immunology
  • Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Embryology

Cite this

Tumor necrosis factor alpha stimulates adenylyl cyclase activity in human myometrial cells. / Gogarten, Wiebke; Lindeman, Karen Sue; Hirshman, Carol A.; Emala, Charles W.

In: Biology of Reproduction, Vol. 68, No. 3, 01.03.2003, p. 751-757.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gogarten, Wiebke ; Lindeman, Karen Sue ; Hirshman, Carol A. ; Emala, Charles W. / Tumor necrosis factor alpha stimulates adenylyl cyclase activity in human myometrial cells. In: Biology of Reproduction. 2003 ; Vol. 68, No. 3. pp. 751-757.
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