Tumor necrosis factor α promotes nuclear localization of cytokine- inducible CCAAT/enhancer binding protein isoforms in hepatocytes

Ming Yin, Shi Qui Yang, Hui Zhi Lin, M. Daniel Lane, Subroto Chatterjee, Anna Mae Diehl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hepatocytes were cultured in the presence of recombinant tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α or mutated TNF α peptides that specifically activate either p55 or p75 TNF receptors to determine if TNF α can activate cytokine- inducible CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) isoforms by post- transcriptional mechanisms that are initiated by TNF receptors. Within 5-10 min after treatment with any of these agents, nuclear concentrations of C/EBP β and C/EBP δ double and remain 2-4-fold greater than control cultures for 30 min (p < 0.01). Consistent with these results, gel mobility shift assays demonstrate 3-fold increased nuclear C/EBP β- and C/EBP δ-DNA binding activity in TNF α-treated cells, and immunocytochemistry confirms rapid redistribution of these C/EBP isoforms into the nucleus. In contrast, mRNA and whole cell protein concentrations of C/EBP β and δ are not altered by TNF α exposure, and nuclear concentrations of another C/EBP isoform, C/EBP α, are decreased by 80%. This novel evidence that TNF α initiates post- transcriptional activation of cytokine-inducible C/EBP isoforms identifies a mechanism that enables hepatocytes to respond immediately to inflammatory stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17974-17978
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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