Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes but not serum pituitary antibodies are associated with poor clinical outcome after surgery in patients with pituitary adenoma

Isabella Lupi, Luca Manetti, Patrizio Caturegli, Michele Menicagli, Mirco Cosottini, Aldo Iannelli, Giovanni Acerbi, Generoso Bevilacqua, Fausto Bogazzi, Enio Martino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: Serum pituitary antibodies (Pit Abs) and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have been described in pituitary adenomas, but their clinical significance remains unknown. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess Pit Abs and TILs prevalence in pituitary adenomas and their influence on clinical outcome. Design: This was a prevalence case-control study. Patients and Setting: Two hundred ninety-one pituitary adenoma cases (110 non-secreting, 30 ACTH-69 GH-71 prolactin- and 13 TSH-secreting adenoma; 177 operated and 114 untreated), 409 healthy controls, and 14 autoimmune hypophysitis were enrolled in a tertiary referral center. Intervention: Pit Abs were measured using immunofluorescence in all cases and controls (n=714). The presence of TILs was evaluated using CD45 staining in a subset of adenomas surgically treated (n = 72). Main Outcome Measure: Clinical response of pituitary adenoma after surgery was evaluated. Results: Pit Abs prevalence was higher in adenomas (5.1%) than healthy subjects (0.7%, P<0.0001) and lower than in autoimmune hypophysitis patients (57%, P < 0.0001). Similarly, TILs prevalence was higher in adenomas than normal pituitary (P=0.01) and lower than in autoimmune hypophysitis (P < 0.0001). No correlation between Pit Abs and TILs was found (P= 0.78). A poor clinical outcome was more common in adenoma patients with TILs (11 of 18, 61%) than in those without (17 of 54, 31%, P = 0.026). Multivariate regression analysis identified the presence of TILs as independent prognostic factor for persistence/recurrence of pituitary adenoma. Conclusions: TILs and Pit Abs are present in a significant number of pituitary adenoma patients. Cell-mediated immunity appears to be predictive of a less favorable clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-296
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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