Few data exist on the modulation of cytokine receptor signaling by the actin or tubulin cytoskeleton. Therefore, we studied interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) signaling in phytohemagglutinine (PHA)-pretreated human T cells in the context of alterations in the cytoskeletal system induced by cytochalasin D (CyD), jasplaklinolide (Jas), taxol (Tax), or colchicine (Col). We found that changes in cytoskeletal tubulin polymerization altered the strength of several IL-2-triggered signals. Moreover, Tax-induced tubulin hyperpolymerization augmented the surface expression of the IL-2R β-chain and enhanced the association of the IL-2R γ-chain with cytoskeletal tubulin. The IL-2R β-chain, in turn, was constitutively associated with tubulin and, more weakly, actin. To exclude the possibility that these associations are artifacts caused by PHA, we confirmed them in T cells from TCR-transgenic DO11.10 mice stimulated with their nominal antigen. We conclude that altered polymerization of cytoskeletal components, especially tubulin, is accompanied by modulation of IL-2 signaling at the receptor level.
- Actin and tubulin polymerization
- Human T cells
- Interleukin-2 receptor signal transduction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology