The charts of 160 patients with tubo-ovarian abscesses (TOAs) were reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups according to their response to initial medical therapy. Predictive factors were identified for the two groups. Prognosis was predictable on the basis of extent of disease at diagnosis and the initial response to medical therapy. There was no apparent association between a unilateral TOA and the use of an intrauterine contraceptive device. A minimum pregnancy rate of 8% was observed in patients maintaining reproductive function. No patient with a bilateral TOA conceived. Of all patients admitted to the hospital with TOA, 53% ultimately required surgical therapy. High residual morbidity and/or resultant infertility mandates more aggressive attempts at prevention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology