Tuberculosis in elephants in North America

Susan K. Mikota, R. Scott Larsen, Richard J. Montali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Within the past 4 years, tuberculosis (TB) has emerged as a disease of concern in elephants. The population of elephants in North America is declining [Wiese, 1997], and transmissible diseases such as TB may exacerbate this trend. Guidelines for the Control of Tuberculosis in Elephants, which require the screening of all elephants for TB, were instituted in 1997 [USDA, 1997; 2000]. Between August 1996 and May 2000, Mycobacterium tuberculosis was isolated from 18 of 539 elephants in North America, indicating an estimated prevalence of 3.3%. Isolation of the TB orga nism by culture is the currently recommended test to establish a diagnosis of TB; however, culture requires 8 weeks. Further research is essential to validate other diagnostic tests and treatment protocols. Zoo Biol 19:393-403, 2000.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-403
Number of pages11
JournalZoo Biology
Volume19
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Elephantidae
North America
tuberculosis
Tuberculosis
United States Department of Agriculture
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Clinical Protocols
zoos
Routine Diagnostic Tests
USDA
diagnostic techniques
Guidelines
screening
Research
Population
testing

Keywords

  • Bacterial disease
  • Elephas maximus
  • Loxodonta africana
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Mikota, S. K., Larsen, R. S., & Montali, R. J. (2000). Tuberculosis in elephants in North America. Zoo Biology, 19(5), 393-403.

Tuberculosis in elephants in North America. / Mikota, Susan K.; Larsen, R. Scott; Montali, Richard J.

In: Zoo Biology, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2000, p. 393-403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mikota, SK, Larsen, RS & Montali, RJ 2000, 'Tuberculosis in elephants in North America', Zoo Biology, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 393-403.
Mikota SK, Larsen RS, Montali RJ. Tuberculosis in elephants in North America. Zoo Biology. 2000;19(5):393-403.
Mikota, Susan K. ; Larsen, R. Scott ; Montali, Richard J. / Tuberculosis in elephants in North America. In: Zoo Biology. 2000 ; Vol. 19, No. 5. pp. 393-403.
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