Tuberculosis active case-finding in a mother-tochild HIV transmission prevention programme in Soweto, South Africa

Jean Nachega, Jennifer Coetzee, Tania Adendorff, Regina Msandiwa, Glenda E. Gray, James A. McIntyre, Richard E. Chaisson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

HIV markedly increases the risk of tuberculosis. We implemented active tuberculosis case-finding in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme in South Africa. Of 438 tuberculin-tested HIV-infected patients, 49% had a reaction ≥ 5 mm induration, 120 underwent further evaluation for active disease. The prevalence of active tuberculosis was 11%, a high rate of tuberculosis in this population, and underscores the need for tuberculosis active case-finding to prevent mortality and transmission, and preventive therapy for latent tuberculosis infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1398-1400
Number of pages3
JournalAIDS
Volume17
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 13 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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