Pyrazole and propenone quinoxaline derivatives were tested against intracellular forms of Leishmania peruviana and Trypanosoma cruzi. Both series were tested for toxicity against proliferative and non-proliferative cells. The pyrazole quinoxaline series was quite inactive against T. cruzi; however, the compound 2,6-dimethyl-3-f-quinoxaline 1,4-dioxide was found to inhibit 50% of Leishmania growth at 8.9. μM, with no impact against proliferative kidney cells and with low toxicity against THP-1 cells and murine macrophages. The compounds belonging to the propenone quinoxaline series were moderately active against T. cruzi. Among these compounds, two were particularly interesting, (2E)-1-(7-fluoro-3-methyl-quinoxalin-2-yl)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-propenone and (2E)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-1-(3,6,7-trimethyl-quinoxalin-2-yl)-propenone. The former possessed selective activity against proliferative cells (cancer and parasites) and was inactive against murine peritoneal macrophages; the latter was active against Leishmania and inactive against the other tested cells. Furthermore, in silico studies showed that both series respected Lipinski's rules and that they confirmed a linear correlation between trypanocidal activities and Log. P. Docking studies revealed that compounds of the second series could interact with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase protein of Trypanosoma cruzi.
- Leishmania peruviana
- Quinoxaline 1,4-di-N-oxide derivatives
- Trypanosoma cruzi
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases