Background: Heart valve surgery guidelines suggest that tricuspid valve annuloplasty may be beneficial in patients with a tricuspid annulus (TA) ≥40 mm even in the absence of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) at the time of surgery for left-sided valve lesions (class 2a). Given the broad spectrum of degenerative diseases that affect the atrioventricular valves, we hypothesize that this measurement might not be predictive of TR after mitral valve (MV) repair. Methods: The diameter of the TA was measured preoperatively in a cohort of 312 consecutive patients who had isolated MV repair for degenerative diseases. The mean TA diameter was 36 mm (95% confidence interval [CI], 35-37 mm). TA ≥40 mm was present in 80 patients. The median duration of echocardiographic follow-up was 6.7 years (interquartile range, 5.4-8.4 years), and was 100% complete. The main study endpoint was postoperative TR of moderate or greater degree. Results: Thirty patients had new or persistent TR at some point during follow-up. The probability of postoperative TR at 7 years was 6.6% (95% CI, 4.6%-9.4%) for all patients, 6.8% (95% CI, 4.6%-10.4%) for TA <40 mm, and 6.0% (95% CI, 2.9%-12.2%) for TA ≥40 mm. Preoperative TA diameter was not associated with the odds of postoperative TR in either the univariable or multivariable regression models. In these analyses, preoperative TR was the strongest predictor of postoperative TR. Conclusions: TA ≥40 mm is not predictive of the development of postoperative TR after MV repair for degenerative diseases.
- tricuspid annulus
- tricuspid insufficiency
- tricuspid valve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine