Trial of labor: A disciplined approach to labor management resulting in a high rate of vaginal delivery

F. L. Videla, A. J. Satin, W. H. Barth, G. D.V. Hankins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A disciplined approach to labor management has resulted in a low cesarean rate (9%) in our population. We wondered if this management scheme was applicable and safe applied to women with previous cesareans. Women with a previous cesarean delivering in a 5-year period were included. Labor management included encouragement of trial of labor, labor stimulation with oxytocin when indicated, epidural analgesia only after entering the active phase, and continuous monitoring. Demographic, labor and delivery, and neonatal data were electronically stored and analysis performed using SPSS release 4.1 for VAX/VMS. Statistical analysis was performed using chi-square and Fisher's exact test where appropriate. Multiple logistic regression was performed to control for potentially confounding variables. A previous cesarean had been performed in 713 (11%) gravidas who met the inclusion criteria. Vaginal delivery was attempted in 588 (82%) and 517 (88%) achieved vaginal birth. Older women (14 versus 1 versus 8%, p = 0.04), of higher parity (63 versus 35 versus 17%, p = 0.0001), requiring preterm delivery (14 versus 8 versus 4%) were more likely to have an elective repeat cesarean than a successful or failed trial of labor. Pregnancies requiring oxytocin (90 versus 53%, p = 0.02), receiving epidural analgesia (62 versus 49%, p = 0.05), developing chorioamnionitis (20 versus 4%, p <0.0001) were more likely to fail a trial of labor. Four uterine ruptures occurred and only one patient was receiving oxytocin. There were no differences in umbilical artery blood acidemia among elective repeat cesarean sections and successful or failed trial of labor. The disciplined approach to labor management used was successful in achieving a low cesarean rate (12%) in women undergoing a trial of labor without adverse neonatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-184
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of perinatology
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Keywords

  • Trial of labor
  • cesarean section
  • labor management dystocia
  • oxytocin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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