Trends of 30-day mortality and morbidities in endovascular repair of intact abdominal aortic aneurysm during the last decade

Kanhua Yin, Satinderjit S. Locham, Marc L. Schermerhorn, Mahmoud B. Malas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Significant research efforts have been made to improve the safety and efficacy of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in treating abdominal aortic aneurysm. This study aimed to examine the trends of perioperative outcomes of EVAR in the recent decade using a national validated database. Methods: Patients who underwent EVAR for intact abdominal aortic aneurysm between 2006 and 2015 were identified from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and divided into early (2006-2010) and late (2011-2015) periods. The primary outcome of the study was 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes included operative time, length of hospital stay, and 30-day major complications (renal, cardiopulmonary, and wound infection). Results: A total of 30,076 patients were identified, with 11,539 in the early period and 18,537 in the late period. The 30-day mortality was kept at a low level in both periods (1.2% vs 1.2%; P = .98), whereas both the mean operation time (155.5 ± 72.6 minutes vs 141.9 ± 73.7 minutes; P < .001) and length of hospital stay (3.24 ± 5.32 days vs 2.81 ± 4.30 days; P < .001) were decreased in the late period. The 30-day major complication rate was reduced by 19.6% (5.1% vs 4.1%; P < .0001), with decreased renal failure (1.4% vs 1.0%; P = .003), cardiopulmonary complications (2.2% vs 1.7%; P = .006), and wound complications (2.5% vs 1.8%; P < .001). All the decreasing trends of mortality, any 30-day complication, and each type of major complication were statistically significant. Being treated in the late period was independently associated with decreased 30-day major complications (odds ratio, 0.75; 95% confidence interval, 0.65-0.87; P < .001), and this effect was confirmed in the propensity score-matched cohort (odds ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.66-0.90; P < .001). Conclusions: Although the 30-day mortality remains similar, postoperative complications in EVAR have decreased significantly during the recent decade. The continuous improvement in endograft technology and surgical skills has resulted in decreased operative time, marked reduction in surgical complications, and shorter hospital length of stay after endovascular repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Endovascular aneurysm repair
  • Outcome
  • Trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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