Trends in smoking in an urban population over recent decades

Joan R. Villalbí, Xavier Bartoll, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Carme Borrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this study is to describe the distribution of smoking in the population and to assess changes and trends over recent decades. Material and method: Cross sectional study in a sample of the non-institutionalized resident population (n = 3,509) in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) using data from persons over 14 years of age from the health survey of 2011, and assessing trends for 1983-2011 using previous surveys. Dependent variables are having ever been a smoker, having quit, being a current smoker, and smoking daily. Independent variables include sex, age, and time. Prevalence and proportions are estimated, stratifying or adjusting for age. Results: The prevalence of daily smokers is 18.8% in 2011: 22.2% for men and 15.9% for women. The age groups with higher smoking prevalence are 25-34 years for men and 15-24 for women. From 1983 to 2011 the reduction among men has been intense, and for women the prevalence has been decreasing since the survey of 2000. Among smokers, the proportion of both genders who do not smoke daily has increased. Conclusions: The smoking epidemic over the last years shows promising trends. The data do not lend support to the hardening hypothesis for current smokers. Smokers are a shrinking minority, although to improve public health it would be desirable to speed the process of change.

Original languageSpanish
JournalMedicina clínica
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Villalbí, J. R., Bartoll, X., Rodríguez-Sanz, M., & Borrell, C. (Accepted/In press). Trends in smoking in an urban population over recent decades. Medicina clínica. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medcli.2015.11.021

Trends in smoking in an urban population over recent decades. / Villalbí, Joan R.; Bartoll, Xavier; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Borrell, Carme.

In: Medicina clínica, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Villalbí, Joan R. ; Bartoll, Xavier ; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica ; Borrell, Carme. / Trends in smoking in an urban population over recent decades. In: Medicina clínica. 2015.
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