We studied trends in Title V and health department financed prenatal and related services in U.S. counties from 1975-1984, years during which Medicaid and health insurance coverage for poor women were eroding. Information on prenatal services was obtained from background reports and telephone interviews with staff of State Maternal and Child Health programs. The number of counties providing prenatal care, particularly comprehensive care, rose considerably from 1975 to 1984; the largest rise occurred between 1982 and 1984. Federal initiatives accounted for about 25 percent of the increase in comprehensive care, while state-funded initiatives were responsible for the modest rise in counties offering routine care. The number of counties providing related components of care such as risk assessment and referral, obstetric or pediatric linkage with prenatal care, and outreach also rose markedly during the study years. Despite these secular trends, forty percent of U.S. counties did not offer prenatal care in health department operated or funded sites in 1984.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health