Objective: Increasingly, laryngomalacia and craniofacial anomalies are recognized as risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea. We sought to determine whether children with these diagnoses have become more likely to undergo inpatient polysomnogram (PSG) over time and to identify evolving trends in PSG utilization. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the Kids' Inpatient Database from 2003 to 2012. Children <21 years who underwent PSG were included. Weighted comparisons of clinical/demographic characteristics of patients undergoing PSG were performed, as were associations between clinical and demographic patient characteristics and performance of inpatient PSG. Results: Between 2003 and 2012, PSG procedures decreased from 1266 to 829 (P < .001). Among children who underwent PSG, mean age decreased from 3.9 ± 5.1 to 3.1 ± 5.2 years (P = .001), and the frequency of age <1 year increased from 47.8% to 59.5% (P < .001). The frequency of laryngomalacia increased from 2.5% to 14.3% (P < .001), while the frequency of craniofacial anomalies increased from 6.2% to 19.4% (P < .001). Laryngomalacia and craniofacial anomalies were predictive of undergoing inpatient PSG in both timeframes. Conclusion: Despite decreasing PSG volumes, diagnoses of laryngomalacia and craniofacial anomalies comprised increasing fractions of children undergoing inpatient PSG between 2003 and 2012. Laryngomalacia and craniofacial anomalies were also predictive of inpatient PSG use in both timeframes.
- Craniofacial anomalies
- Kids' Inpatient Database
- Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea
- Sleep disordered breathing
ASJC Scopus subject areas