Trends in clinical indicators of care for adult peritoneal dialysis patients in the United States from 1995 to 1997

Diane L. Frankenfield, Barbara F. Prowant, Michael J. Flanigan, Pamela R. Frederick, George R. Bailie, Steven D. Helgerson, Michael V. Rocco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. This article describes the changes in four core indicator variables: dialysis adequacy, hematocrit, serum albumin, and blood pressure in peritoneal dialysis CAPD and cycler patients over a three-year period. Methods. A national random sample of adult peritoneal dialysis patients in the United States was drawn each study period. Clinical data abstraction forms were completed by facility staff for patients selected for the sample, returned to the respective network, then forwarded to the Health Care Financing Administration for analysis. Results. The mean weekly Kt/V urea for CAPD patients increased from 1.91 in 1995 to 2.12 in 1997 (P < 0.001) and for cycler patients, from 2.12 in 1996 to 2.24 in 1997 (P < 0.05). The mean weekly creatinine clearance for CAPD patients increased from 61.48 liter/week/1.73 m2 in 1995 to 65.84 liter/week/1.73 m2 in 1997 (P < 0.05). For cycler patients, it increased from 63.37 liter/week/1.73 m2 in 1996 to 67.45 liter/week/1.73 m2 in 1997 (P < 0.05). Despite this increase in adequacy values, less than 40% of peritoneal dialysis patients in 1997 had weekly Kt/V urea or creatinine clearance values that met subsequently published National Kidney Foundation's Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (DOQI) guidelines. These data suggest that the dialysis prescription may not be adequately modified to compensate for increased body weight and for decreased residual renal function as years on dialysis increase. The average hematocrit value increased modestly in both CAPD and cycler patients from 1995 to 1997, and the number of patients with a hematocrit of less than 25% decreased from 6% in 1995 to 1.4% in 1997 (P < 0.001). Both serum albumin values and systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were essentially unchanged during the three-year period of observation. Conclusions. Despite improvements in dialysis adequacy and hematocrit values, there remains much room for improvement in these core indicator values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1998-2010
Number of pages13
JournalKidney International
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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Keywords

  • CAPD
  • Creatinine clearance
  • Cycler dialysis
  • Dialysis adequacy
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Kt/V urea
  • NKF-DOQI guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Frankenfield, D. L., Prowant, B. F., Flanigan, M. J., Frederick, P. R., Bailie, G. R., Helgerson, S. D., & Rocco, M. V. (1999). Trends in clinical indicators of care for adult peritoneal dialysis patients in the United States from 1995 to 1997. Kidney International, 55(5), 1998-2010. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00448.x