Perfusion strategies for cardiopulmonary bypass have direct consequences on pediatric cardiac surgery outcomes. However, inconsistent study results and a lack of uniform evidence-based guidelines for pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass management have led to considerable variability in perfusion practices among, and even within, institutions. Important aspects of cardiopulmonary bypass that can be optimized to improve clinical outcomes of pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery include extracorporeal circuit components, priming solutions, and additives. This review summarizes the current literature on circuit components and priming solution composition with an emphasis on crystalloid, colloid, and blood-based primes, as well as mannitol, bicarbonate, and calcium.
- pediatric cardiac surgery
- pediatric perfusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine