Treatment of Prostate Cancer in the 21st Century-Future Directions

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The traditional treatment paradigm for prostate cancer focuses on targeting the tumor cells using hormonal ablation. However, in recent years, not only have novel chemotherapy regimens shown promise in men with prostate cancer, but new therapeutic targets have also been identified as our understanding of disease progression has deepened. The gold standard treatment for patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer is now docetaxel every 3 wk plus low-dose prednisone. In addition, ongoing clinical investigations are evaluating docetaxel-based chemotherapy in combination with newer agents, such as bevacizumab, oblimersen, calcitriol, and thalidomide. A large number of agents are also being investigated in clinical trials that employ novel mechanisms of action, such as targeting bone metastases, the androgen receptor, or components of the tumor intracellular-signalling pathways. Furthermore, the encouraging results in the metastatic disease settings, have prompted the exploration of these treatment strategies in the adjuvant and neoadjuvant settings, where currently available treatment options fail to offer a cure to high-risk patients with locally advanced prostate cancer. The traditional treatment paradigm for prostate cancer, therefore, is being replaced by a multidisciplinary approach. To provide patients with prostate cancer with the best chance of survival and quality of life, urologists and oncologists must maintain close working relationships to determine the most appropriate treatment strategy for an individual patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)824-829
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Urology, Supplements
Volume5
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Docetaxel
  • HRPC
  • Hormone-refractory prostate cancer
  • Multidisciplinary
  • TAX 327

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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