Treatment of hemophilus influenzae meningitis: A comparison of chloramphenicol and tetracycline

Harold W. Spies, Kenrad Edwin Nelson, Stuart Levin, Mark H. Lepper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A study was done to compare the efficacy of chloramphenicol and tetracycline for the treatment of meningitis due to Hemophilus influenzae. Alternate patients with this disease were treated with one or the other of these drugs given in daily doses of 50 mg/kg at intervals by the intravenous route. In 325 patients studied, no significant differences between the two groups could be detected with respect to rates of mortality and acute complications, speed of defervescence, or rapidity of clinical recovery. Although ampicillin is the best single drug for the initial treatment of bacterial meningitis because of its broad efficacy and relative nontoxicity, our data suggest that either chloramphenicol or tetracycline could also be used for the treatment of meningitis due to H. influenzae when ampicillin is contraindicated because of allergic reactions or drug failure or for other reasons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-465
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume125
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1972
Externally publishedYes

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Haemophilus Meningitis
Haemophilus influenzae
Chloramphenicol
Tetracycline
Ampicillin
Meningitis
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Bacterial Meningitides
Hypersensitivity
Therapeutics
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Treatment of hemophilus influenzae meningitis : A comparison of chloramphenicol and tetracycline. / Spies, Harold W.; Nelson, Kenrad Edwin; Levin, Stuart; Lepper, Mark H.

In: Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 125, No. 5, 1972, p. 459-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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