Treatment of androgen-independent prostate cancer using antimicrotubule agents docetaxel and estramustine in combination: An experimental study

Jeffrey F. Williams, Heather J. Muenchen, Jeffrey M. Kamradt, Susan Korenchuk, Kenneth J. Pienta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


BACKGROUND. Estramustine in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents has demonstrated synergy in hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Docetaxel has demonstrated antineoplastic activity in a variety of chemotherapeutic-unresponsive tumors. We evaluated the effects of estramustine and docetaxel in preclinical models of prostate cancer. METHODS. Cell viability of PC-3 and MAT-LyLu (MLL) cells were assessed 48 hr after drug treatment. For in vivo studies, each flank of five animals in six groups was injected with 1 x 106 MLL cells: control, estramustine, docetaxel (low- and high-dose), and low- and high-dose docetaxel with estramustine. Animals were treated on days 4 and 11, and sacrificed on day 14. RESULTS. The IC50 value for docetaxel was 2 nM in the PC-3 cells and 40 nM in the MLL cells. The addition of 100 nM of estramustine did not alter0 the IC50 value for PC-3 cells. In the MLL cells, however, the IC50 value was lowered to 15 nM. In vivo, low-dose docetaxel with estramustine demonstrated antineoplastic activity similar to that of high-dose docetaxel alone, suggesting additive activity between the drugs. CONCLUSIONS. These results demonstrate that when used in combination, docetaxel and estramustine can be more effective at lower dosages than when the individual drugs are used alone. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-278
Number of pages4
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 14 2000



  • Docetaxel
  • Estramustine
  • MLL
  • PC-3
  • Prostate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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