Treatment effect of sublingual immunotherapy tablets and pharmacotherapies for seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis: Pooled analyses

Stephen R. Durham, Peter S. Creticos, Harold S. Nelson, Ziliang Li, Amarjot Kaur, Eli O. Meltzer, Hendrik Nolte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Data comparing the treatment effect of allergy immunotherapy and pharmacotherapy are lacking. Objective We sought to indirectly compare the treatment effect of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT)-tablets with pharmacotherapy for seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). Methods Pooled data from randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials for the clinical development programs of selected allergic rhinitis treatments were evaluated. Total nasal symptom scores (TNSSs) relative to placebo were compared. Subjects scored symptoms daily during entire pollen seasons in 6 timothy grass SLIT-tablet trials (n = 3094) and 2 ragweed SLIT-tablet trials (n = 658) and during the last 8 weeks of treatment in 2 house dust mite (HDM) SLIT-tablet trials (n = 1768). Subjects scored symptoms daily in 7 montelukast (10 mg, n = 6799), 9 desloratadine (5 mg, n = 4455), and 8 mometasone furoate nasal spray (MFNS; 200 μg daily, n = 2140) SAR or PAR trials. SLIT-tablet trials allowed rescue medication use, whereas most pharmacotherapy trials did not. A fixed-effect meta-analysis method estimated differences in on-treatment average TNSSs. Results In grass and ragweed SLIT-tablet trials, overall improvement in TNSSs relative to placebo was 16.3% and 17.1%, respectively. In HDM SLIT-tablet trials, TNSS overall improvement relative to placebo was 16.1%. In the montelukast, desloratadine, and MFNS trials, TNSS overall improvement relative to placebo was 5.4%, 8.5%, and 22.2%, respectively, for SAR trials, and 3.7%, 4.8%, and 11.2%, respectively, for PAR trials. Conclusions Although comparisons were limited by study design heterogeneity and use of rescue medications in SLIT-tablet trials, effects on nasal symptoms with timothy grass and ragweed SLIT-tablets were nearly as great as with MFNS and numerically greater than with montelukast and desloratadine for SAR. HDM SLIT-tablet effects were numerically greater than all pharmacotherapies for PAR. SLIT-tablets offer the additional benefit of long-term efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1081-1088.e4
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume138
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Allergen immunotherapy
  • allergic rhinoconjunctivitis
  • antihistamine
  • grass
  • house dust mite
  • intranasal corticosteroid
  • leukotriene receptor antagonists
  • meta-analysis
  • ragweed
  • sublingual immunotherapy tablet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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