Treating total liquid refusal with backward chaining and fading

Louis P. Hagopian, Debra A. Farrell, Adrianna Amari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we report on a 12-year-old boy with autism, mental retardation, and a history of severe gastrointestinal problems who presented with total liquid and food refusal. Backward chaining was used to shape drinking from a cup, and a fading procedure was used to increase the quantity of water he was required to drink.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)573-575
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996


  • Backward chaining
  • Fading
  • Liquid refusal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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