Traveler's diarrhea associated with rotavirus infection: Analysis of virus-specific immunoglobulin classes

J. F. Sheridan, L. Aurelian, G. Barbour, M. Santosham, R. Bradley Sack, R. W. Ryder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of rotavirus-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA antibodies was used in a serological study of Traveler's diarrhea. The antigenically related simian rotavirus (SA-11) was used as antigen in this study. Serum was obtained from two groups of volunteers before travel (pre-travel) and at various times after arrival at their destination (post-travel). One group consisted of 47 American Peace Corps volunteers who traveled to Honduras, and the second group consisted of 66 Panamanian travelers who visited Mexico. An association between rotavirus and Traveler's diarrhea was found in each group with 36% of American Peace Corps volunteers and 30% of Panamanians with diarrhea demonstrating a ≥4-fold increase in rotavirus antibody titers in the post- as compared to the pre-travel specimens. While no rotavirus-specific IgM antibody was detected in any serum tested, increases in specific antibody were found in both the IgG and IgA immunoglobulin classes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-429
Number of pages11
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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